1. The vibration of the strings of acoustic guitars causes vibration of the soundboard i.e. a piece of wood in front of a guitar which magnifies sound. If the tension has to be modified, it can be done by tuning heads and pressing fingers between frets and when they are plucked different sounds are produced. On the other hand, electric guitars function differently. though they employ the use of frets and tuning pegs, to adjust sound and tension, the acoustic guitars’ metal strings do interact with magnetic pickups on guitar so as to produce sound.
2. In order to produce music of any kind, electric guitars require amplifiers and a source of electric power. The acoustic guitar does not need any extra equipment to produce music.
The kind of music produced by the two types of guitars is of different nature. Acoustic guitars are usually good at producing the mellow type of music such as country and folk. Electric guitars, however, are majorly used to produce rock and metal music.
3. Acoustic guitars are comparatively cheaper in price than electric guitars However, acoustic guitars are harder to use by the beginners than electric ones.
4. Acoustic guitars are hollow, having a hole in its body. It also has six strings that are made of steel. They also have strings of a heavier gauge with larger vibrations that create louder sound. On the other side, electric guitars have thin strings. As a result of this, they too have a thinner neck and a small body.
5. An ordinary electric guitar that is efficient in functioning costs averagely at around 150 dollars. Electric guitars, on the other hand, can double the cost of an acoustic guitar, if it’s price includes associated equipment like amps and electricity cables.
6. Acoustic guitars can effectively be maintained by using guitar humidifiers that go in between the strings and prevents drying out of the wood. However, electric guitars can be maintained by adjustment of the pickups using a screwdriver and also by taking good care of the amp and managing the amount of voltage used.
7. Electric guitars produce a higher sound qualify than acoustic guitars. This is because electric guitars can easily enhance their sound quality using an amplifier.
In a nutshell, both electric and acoustic guitars have strengths and limitations in terms of their use. It also greatly depends on the needs of a user and who the user actually is. For example, early learners can easily use electric guitars than acoustic guitars. On the other hand, need for folk and jazz music will require the use of acoustic guitars.